Ternary Operators in C Programming: A Beginners Guide (2023)

Article by: Manish Methani

Last Updated: November 5, 2021 at 2:04pm IST
4 min 12 sec read

Ternary operators are an important concept in C programming language. They are also known as conditional expressions and can be used to evaluate a condition and assign a value based on the result of that condition. In this tutorial, we will explore the use of ternary operators in C programming language.

What are Ternary Operators?

Ternary operators are a shorthand way of writing conditional statements in C programming language. They are used to evaluate a condition and assign a value based on the result of that condition. Ternary operators take the form of:

(condition) ? true-value : false-value;

The condition is evaluated first. If it is true, the true-value is returned. If it is false, the false-value is returned. The ternary operator is also known as a conditional operator.

Why Use Ternary Operators?

Ternary operators are often used to simplify code and make it more concise. They can be used to replace if-else statements in situations where only one of two values is required. Ternary operators can also be nested to perform more complex operations.

Example of Ternary Operators

Here is an example of how ternary operators can be used in C programming language:

#include <stdio.h>

int main() {
   int a = 10, b = 5;
   int max = (a > b) ? a : b;
   printf("The maximum value is %d", max);
   return 0;
}

In this example, we declare two variables a and b, and then use a ternary operator to assign the maximum value to the variable max. The ternary operator (a > b) ? a : b evaluates the condition a > b. If this condition is true, then the value of a is assigned to max. If the condition is false, then the value of b is assigned to max.

Nested Ternary Operators

Ternary operators can be nested to perform more complex operations. Here is an example of how nested ternary operators can be used in C programming language:

#include <stdio.h>

int main() {
   int a = 10, b = 5, c = 15;
   int max = (a > b) ? ((a > c) ? a : c) : ((b > c) ? b : c);
   printf("The maximum value is %d", max);
   return 0;
}

In this example, we declare three variables a, b, and c, and then use nested ternary operators to assign the maximum value to the variable max. The nested ternary operator (a > c) ? a : c evaluates the condition a > c. If this condition is true, then the value of a is assigned to max. If the condition is false, then the value of c is assigned to max. Similarly, the nested ternary operator (b > c) ? b : c evaluates the condition b > c. If this condition is true, then the value of b is assigned to max. If the condition is false, then the value of c is assigned to max. Finally, the outer ternary operator (a > b) ? ... : ... evaluates the condition a > b. If this condition is true, then the value of the nested ternary operator (a > c) ? a : c is assigned to max. If the condition is false, then the value of the nested ternary operator `(b > c) ? b : c

 

Simplified Coding for Beginners.








Download the Codzify
Mobile App


Mobile App Development, Web App Development, Programming Languages, Latest Tech News & lot more.

Codzify Mobile App

A self-paced learning Courses Created by an Engineer
For Engineers.

Premium

The Complete Angular Course

Instructor: Manish Methani

Explore Curriculum
Free

C Programming for Absolute Beginners

Instructor: Manish Methani

Start Watching
Premium

Flutter Mobile App Development Course

Instructor: Manish Methani

Explore Curriculum
Free

Learn HTML, CSS & Bootstrap

Instructor: Manish Methani

Start Watching

Test your skills with these expert-led curated
Mock Tests.

C Programming Test

Test your C Programming skills with this comprehensive mock test on C Programming.

Take Test

Flutter Test

Solve most asked Interview Questions on Flutter and Test your foundational skills in flutter.

Take Test

GATE(CSE) Operating Systems

Solve most asked GATE Questions in Operating Systems and test your Gate Score.

Take Test

HTML,CSS Test

This is a mock test designed to help you assess your knowledge and skills in HTML and CSS.

Take Test

(GATE CSE) Data Structures & Algorithms Test

Solve most asked GATE Questions in Data Structures and Algorithms and test your Gate Score.

Take Test
include_once 'codzify-footer.php'; ?>